020-25465177 / 9404451591

GEMS for "Gynaecology Endoscopy Maternity Menopause Surgery"

Polycystic ovarian disease treatment (PCOS)

What is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary (ovarian) syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder affecting an increasing number of women between puberty and menopause. It is a multisystemic disorder affecting a number of systems chiefly the reproductive system.
The condition is usually diagnosed based on the following factors:
  • Infrequent or absent menses
  • Increased androgens (Male hormones)
  •   Appearance of multiple small cysts of the ovary on ultra sonography.

  • Why does it occur?
    PCOS is believed to be linked to both lifestyle factors and genetics- in other words it may run in the family.
    The majority of women who have PCOS also have what is known as insulin resistance, which occurs when the body struggles to carry out the normal actions of insulin such as regulating the blood glucose levels. High levels of insulin can also increase the production of the male hormones including testosterone from the ovary, which contributes to such symptoms as excessive hair and acne.

    Diagnosing PCOS
    Your doctor will consider your symptoms and usually complete a physical examination, blood tests and an ultrasound.

    Physical examination: Your doctor will ask you numerous questions about your menstrual cycle, symptoms, weight and examine you for physical signs of PCOS, e.g. acne, excessive hair growth and darkened skin.

    Blood test: Your blood may be tested for high cholesterol, blood sugar levels (i.e. insulin resistance) and for changes in LH (luteinising hormone) and FSH (follicle stimulating hormone).
    Ultra sonography will be performed.

    Long term effects:        
  •   Infertility
  • Diabetes
  • Complications in pregnancy
  • Cardio-vascular disease
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Endometrial cancer

  • PCOS is believed to be linked to both lifestyle factors and genetics- in other words it may run in the family. If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, visit GEMS Hospital today!

    Here at GEMS Hospital We have launched the very first of its kind PCOS Club. Visit GEMS Hospital find out about the special packages designed to tackle this complex multi systemic disease. Join the fight against PCOS Now!!!