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Management of urinary incontinence

Almost all women suffer at some point in their lives from some form of urinary incontinence. You need not be embarrassed by it. Urinary incontinence is treatable at all ages.
Two most common types of urinary incontinence are: Stress incontinence and overactive bladder (OAB), or a mixture of both.

Stress Incontinence
If coughing, laughing, sneezing, or other movements that put pressure on the bladder cause you to leak urine, you may have stress incontinence. Physical changes resulting from pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause often cause stress incontinence. This type of incontinence is common in women and, in many cases, can be treated.

Overactive Bladder
Involuntary loss of urine preceded by a strong urge to void, whether or not the bladder is full, is referred to as overactive bladder or urge incontinence.

Diagnosis of urinary incontinence may involve taking a medical history, a physical exam, an ultrasound, urodynamic testing, and tests including cystoscopy, urinalysis, and a bladder stress test.

Treatment of urinary incontinence may include behavioral or nonpharmacologic treatments, like bladder training, biofeedback, neuromodulation, surgery, catheterization, or a combination of these therapies.