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Stages of Adolescence

Adolescence, these years from puberty to adulthood, may be roughly divided into three stages: early adolescence, generally ages eleven to fourteen; middle adolescence, ages fifteen to seventeen; and late adolescence, ages eighteen to twenty-one.

Physical Development

Puberty is defined as the biological changes of adolescence. By mid-adolescence, if not sooner, most youngsters’ physiological growth is complete; they are at or close to their adult height and weight, and are now physically capable of having babies.

Intellectual Development

By late adolescence, many youngsters have come to appreciate subtleties of situations and ideas, and to project into the future. Their capacity to solve complex problems and to sense what others are thinking has sharpened considerably. But because they are still relatively inexperienced in life, even older teens apply these newfound skills erratically and therefore may act without thinking.

Emotional Development

they distance themselves from Mom and Dad. The march toward autonomy can take myriad forms: less overt affection, more time spent with friends, contentious behavior, pushing the limits—the list goes on and on. Yet adolescents frequently feel conflicted about leaving the safety and security of home.

Social Development

Not all teenagers enter and exit adolescence at the same age or display these same behaviors. What’s more, throughout much of adolescence, a youngster can be farther along in some areas of development than in others. For example, a fifteen-year-old girl may physically resemble a young adult but she may still act very much like a child since it isn’t until late adolescence that intellectual, emotional and social development begin to catch up with physical development. But beyond learning to anticipate the shifting currents of adolescent emotion, mothers and fathers may be struggling with some conflicting emotions of their own. The pride you feel as you watch your youngster become independent can be countered by a sense of displacement. As much as you may accept intellectually that withdrawing from one’s parents is an integral part of growing up, it hurts when the child who used to beg to join you on errands now rarely consents to being seen in public with you, and then only if the destination is a minimum of one area code away.

"Infections: Symptoms That Suggest A Urinary-Tract Infection May Include: Pain or burning sensation when urinating Frequent urge to urinate, though only a small amount is passed Fever and chills Pressure sensation Pain in the abdomen, pelvis or lower back Nausea and vomiting Blood or pus in the urine Urinary incontinence"
"Precocious puberty :Precocious puberty signs and symptoms include development of the following before age 8 in girls and before age 9 in boys.
Signs and symptoms in girls include:
Breast growth
First period (menarche)
Signs and symptoms in boys include:
Enlarged testicles and penis
Facial hair (usually grows first on the upper lip)
Deepening voice
Signs and symptoms that can occur in boys or girls include:
Pubic or underarm hair
Rapid growth
Adult body odour "
"delayed puberty :
Delayed puberty is defined as absence of the start of sexual maturation at the expected time.
Most often, children simply develop later than their peers but ultimately develop normally.
Sometimes, delayed puberty is caused by chronic medical problems, hormonal disorders, radiation therapy or chemotherapy, disordered eating or excessive exercise, genetic disorders, tumours, and certain infections.
Typical symptoms include a lack of testicular enlargement in boys and a lack of breasts and menstrual periods in girls.
The diagnosis is based on the results of a physical examination, various laboratory tests, a bone age x-ray, and, if needed, a chromosomal analysis and magnetic resonance imaging.
Treatment depends on the cause and may include hormone replacement therapy.
Sexual abuse : It can be very difficult to talk about sexual abuse and even more difficult to acknowledge that sexual abuse of children of all ages including infants happens every day. Sexual abuse of children has become the subject of great community concern and the focus of many legislative and professional initiatives. We as parents need to make the children aware of the three bad touches and how to recognise them.
Puberty Menorrhagia :Puberty Menorrhagia is defined as excessive bleeding occurring between menarche and 19 years. In 80% of cases puberty Menorrhagia is caused by anovulatory cycles. There is an immaturity of the hypothalamus and inadequate positive feedback resulting in sustained high levels of oestrogen.